It’s almost fall in North America, and many folks soon might find themselves laboring for hours raking leaves to the street for pickup or filling paper bag after paper bag with leaves. But, did you know there’s many ways to use your leaves to benefit your property, and easier ways to make them “go away”? Even on a small property, you can make those leaves disappear, feed the soil and plants, and benefit the environment.
Tree leaves are full of important nutrients for trees, lawns, and vegetables–we recommend you keep as many as you can on your property! Here are five ways to make leaves disappear quickly.
If you have any natural areas, this should be your first step, as the leaves have lots of pollinator eggs attached to them. Not only will you want those butterflies and moths in your garden next year, but birds and small wildlife rely on the larvae and insects nesting in leaf piles for food. Additionally, small critters like chipmunks or salamanders use leaf piles to rest and stay moist and warm. If you’ve ever enjoyed a firefly in the summer or the joy of seeing a fritillary butterfly or a spotted salamander–you can thank a pile of leaves!
Simply rake your leaves as mulch rings around your trees, or pile them up in vegetable gardens, under shrub beds, and in flower beds. In the spring, you not only will have a much richer soil, but flowers will emerge healthier and you can plant directly into the nutrient rich leaf mulch! Your trees will appreciate the boost of nutrients they rely on for new growth, and will have roots insulated from the cold of winter and heat of summer.
A mulching mower has multiple blades and will finely chop up leaves into small bits. The smaller the pieces, the faster soil bacteria can break them down. You’ll be amazed at how fast leaves disappear, and just how many leaves can be recycling right back into a lawn! Pro-tip: Use a leaf vacuum to chop up leaves! The leaf vacuum will reduce a pile of leaves into smaller pieces, make a huge pile of leaves into a small pile of finely chopped, nutrient rich clippings that can be used as mulch or compost that will quickly degrade into carbon for your soil.
Add as many leaves as you can to compost bins or piles, being sure to balance your “browns and greens” to create a good compost pile. You can sometimes speed up a leaf compost pile with a lot of turning, keeping it moist, and by spraying it with homemade compost tea which may speed up the decomposition.
Now would of thought of saving some leaves? But this can be helpful if you have a dry place to store them. Ever get spots on the driveway where ice won’t go away, or muddy spots under bird feeders or play equipment? Save some leaves in paper bags and use them to handle those pesky spots all winter–they’ll stay autumn fresh in the bags, and help stop your slipping and sliding. Come next summer, when you need dry brown material for your compost bin, all you have to do is reach in to your brown paper bags for some dry leaves from last fall, and voila!
When all else fails, there’s more ways to use them, so keep researching–consider making potato or squash growing bins, or generating leaf mold for your neighbor’s to give for free (that stuff is expensive!). Before you place leaves at the curb for yard waste collection, check if anyone in the neighborhood needs extra. Some people even get leaves from neighbors for their own vegetable gardens or shrub beds, since they don’t have enough from their own yard.
Now pat yourself on the back for some great environmental stewardship, saving money and municipal taxes, and enjoy next summer’s fireflies!