Water

Install High Efficiency Shower Heads

You’ll hardly notice the difference — except in your water use and bill.

You can save a lot of water and hardly notice the difference if you install new low-flow faucet aerators, shower heads, and toilets. If you have an older home and haven’t upgraded, you’re due. But even newer homes don’t always have the best water-saving fixtures. Changing faucet aerators and showerheads is a quick and easy job almost anyone can do. Changing toilets is a bigger expense and effort, but the savings are big, too; unless you’re super-handy, call a plumber for this one.

EPA’s WaterSense® program is a one-stop site for practical home water info: EPA WaterSense.

Use this calculator to find out how much money a WaterSense qualified toilet, faucet or showerhead will save you: EPA WaterSense Calculator.

Find WaterSense products including toilets, faucets, showerheads and urinals: EPA WaterSense Products.

How-to video: install a low-flow showerhead:

How-to video: install a faucet aerator:

How-to video: reduce the amount of water used per flush:

Save water, save money! Sorry, no rebates or financial incentives on our list at this time.

How can I find out how much water my toilet uses? I don’t want to replace it if it’s already pretty efficient.

Sometimes toilets are labeled with how much water it uses per flush. This is often found stamped somewhere on the bowl. Another estimate, if you know the vintage of your toilet, is as follows:

  • Models before 1980 use 5 to 7 gallons per flush
  • Models after 1980 use 3.5 gallons per flush
  • Models after 1990 use 1.6 gallons per flush

If you’re still not sure, watch this video to find out how you can measure you toilet’s flush.

How much money will I save if I replace my older toilet with a WaterSense-labeled one?

It is safe to say that most toilets were installed after 1980 and use at least 3.5 gallons per flush. This is more than twice as much as today’s WaterSense-labeled models, which use 1.28 gallons. A WaterSense toilet can save a family of four more than $110 on their water bill every year, and $2,200 over the lifetime of the toilet.

What are some other fixtures in my house that I can replace with WaterSense fixtures?

You can replace sinks, showers, and even irrigation systems. Watersense sink faucets use about 30% less water than a normal faucet does. Showering is the number one use of water in our homes. A normal shower head uses 2.5 gallons of water per minute while a Watersense shower head uses just 2.0 gallons per minute. An average family can save 2,900 gallons of water a year by switching to a WaterSense shower head. This will also save you 370 kilowatt hours of electricity, enough to power a house for 13 days. A WaterSense irrigation uses the weather and temperature instead of a timer to keep your plants properly watered. This can save a average family about 8,800 gallons of water a year.

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